09. Indigenous Technology in Assam

Indigenous Technology in Assam
Continuity and Transformation in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Sudeshna Purkayastha

Though manual skill often surpassed the technological aptitude in South Asian craft culture, indigenous technologies had a productive role with larger impact on society. The present study has taken traditional technology of Assam as the subject and seeks to explore the role of technology in the major indigenous industrial production like textile, both cotton and silk, iron, both smelting and smithy, gold washing, bell metal and pottery. The study also tries to focus on the dynamics of continuity of technology in the region and technological transformation during the colonial era. The ideas of swadeshi in the early twentieth century had ushered in a new phase of technological transformation. This was a combination of western knowledge and indigenous tradition and resources. The study also tries to focus on the impact of technology on Assamese society.

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