Cyclone, Vulnerability and Society: Disaster, Knowledge and Colonialism in Nineteenth Century Bengal (1864-74)
Assistant Professor, Department of History, Kazi Nazrul University, Asansol, West Bengal
A tropical country like India is acutely susceptible to the occurrence of storms. This article, focuses on the occurrences, spread and effects of the cyclones which originated between 1864 and 1874 in the Bay of Bengal and travelled to the northern parts of Bengal. During this period four successive cyclones had devastated a great part of Bengal where severe destruction of life and property took place. The second half of the nineteenth century had witnessed the generation and circulation of meteorological knowledge as part of governmental initiative to reinforce the colonial commercial interests.